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  • Best evidence yet for existence of...
    on July 10, 2020 at 1:33 PM

    A small team of researchers at Purdue University has found the strongest evidence yet of the existence of abelian anyons. They have written a paper describing experiments they conducted designed to reveal the existence of the quasiparticles and have uploaded it to the arXiv preprint server while […]

  • Cherned up to the maximum
    on July 9, 2020 at 6:00 PM

    In topological materials, electrons can display behavior that is fundamentally differentfrom that in 'conventional' matter, and the magnitude of many such 'exotic' phenomena is directly proportional to an entity known as the Chern number. New experiments establish for the first time that the […]

  • Cosmic cataclysm allows precise test of...
    on July 9, 2020 at 4:53 PM

    In 2019, the MAGIC telescopes detected the first Gamma Ray Burst at very high energies. This was the most intense gamma-radiation ever obtained from such a cosmic object. But the GRB data have more to offer: with further analyses, the MAGIC scientists could now confirm that the speed of light is […]

  • Scientists dive deep into hidden world...
    on July 9, 2020 at 2:30 PM

    A research team led by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has developed a technique that could lead to new electronic materials that surpass the limitations imposed by Moore's Law, which predicted in 1975 that the number of transistors packed into a tiny […]

  • Scientists dive deep into hidden world...
    on July 9, 2020 at 2:30 PM

    A research team led by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has developed a technique that could lead to new electronic materials that surpass the limitations imposed by Moore's Law, which predicted in 1975 that the number of transistors packed into a tiny […]

  • Calculating the true pressure required...
    on July 9, 2020 at 2:21 PM

    A pair of researchers, one with Kochi University, the other Katsurahama Aquarium, both in Japan, has refined the estimate of the amount of pressure required by an Adélie penguin to shoot its feces a necessary distance. Hiroyuki Tajima and Fumiya Fujisawa have written a paper describing their […]

  • Researchers apply the anti-de...
    on July 9, 2020 at 1:30 PM

    The anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence, also referred to as gauge/gravity duality, hypothesizes the existence of a relationship between two types of physics theories, namely gravity theories in AdS spacetimes and CFTs. Over the past few decades, gauge/gravity duality […]

  • Researchers apply the anti-de...
    on July 9, 2020 at 1:30 PM

    The anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence, also referred to as gauge/gravity duality, hypothesizes the existence of a relationship between two types of physics theories, namely gravity theories in AdS spacetimes and CFTs. Over the past few decades, gauge/gravity duality […]

  • The spin state story: Observation of...
    on July 9, 2020 at 12:22 PM

    Aside from the deep understanding of the natural world that quantum physics theory offers, scientists worldwide are striving to bring forth a technological revolution by leveraging this newfound knowledge in engineering applications. Spintronics is an emerging field that aims to surpass the limits […]

  • Scaling up the quantum chip
    on July 8, 2020 at 3:00 PM

    MIT researchers have developed a process to manufacture and integrate "artificial atoms," created by atomic-scale defects in microscopically thin slices of diamond, with photonic circuitry, producing the largest quantum chip of its type.

  • Generator developed for harvesting...
    on July 8, 2020 at 1:46 PM

    Scientists of the University of Twente and South China Normal University designed an electrical generator that can harvest energy from impacting droplets and other sources of mechanical energy. Their paper recently appeared in Advanced Materials.

  • Shock-dissipating fractal cubes could...
    on July 7, 2020 at 6:56 PM

    Tiny, 3-D printed cubes of plastic, with intricate fractal voids built into them, have proven to be effective at dissipating shockwaves, potentially leading to new types of lightweight armor and structural materials effective against explosions and impacts.

  • Scientists introduce new method for...
    on July 7, 2020 at 6:32 PM

    Quantum information scientists have introduced a new method for machine-learning classifications in quantum computing. The non-linear quantum kernels in a quantum binary classifier provide new insights for improving the accuracy of quantum machine learning, deemed able to outperform the current AI […]

  • 'Light squeezer' reduces quantum noise...
    on July 7, 2020 at 3:00 PM

    Physicists at MIT have designed a quantum "light squeezer" that reduces quantum noise in an incoming laser beam by 15 percent. It is the first system of its kind to work at room temperature, making it amenable to a compact, portable setup that may be added to high-precision experiments to improve […]

  • Cooling mechanism increases solar...
    on July 7, 2020 at 3:00 PM

    Sensors placed in the environment spend long periods of time outdoors through all weather conditions, and they must continuously power themselves in order to collect data. Many, like photovoltaic cells, use the sun to produce electricity, but powering outdoor sensors at night is a challenge.

  • Physics team observes extremely fast...
    on July 7, 2020 at 2:32 PM

    In physics, they are currently the subject of intensive research; in electronics, they could enable completely new functions. So-called topological materials are characterized by special electronic properties, which are also very robust against external perturbations. This material group also […]

  • Scientists create new device to light...
    on July 7, 2020 at 2:10 PM

    Researchers at CRANN and Trinity's School of Physics have created an innovative new device that will emit single particles of light, or photons, from quantum dots that are the key to practical quantum computers, quantum communications, and other quantum devices.

  • Atomic 'Swiss Army knife' precisely...
    on July 6, 2020 at 8:56 PM

    It images single atoms. It maps atomic-scale hills and valleys on metal and insulating surfaces. And it records the flow of current across atom-thin materials subject to giant magnetic fields. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a novel instrument […]

  • Researchers develop novel approach to...
    on July 6, 2020 at 8:02 PM

    Researchers from the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Laboratory at Michigan State University (MSU) have taken a major step toward a theoretical first-principles description of neutrinoless double-beta decay. Observing this yet-unconfirmed rare nuclear process would have important […]

  • Behind the dead-water phenomenon
    on July 6, 2020 at 7:00 PM

    What makes ships mysteriously slow down or even stop as they travel, even though their engines are working properly? This was first observed in 1893 and was described experimentally in 1904 without all the secrets of this 'dead water' being understood. An interdisciplinary team from the CNRS and […]

  • Researchers realize an anomalous...
    on July 6, 2020 at 6:47 PM

    An international team led by physicists from the Ludwig-Maximilians Universitaet (LMU) in Munich realized a novel genuine time-dependent topological system with ultracold atoms in periodically-driven optical honeycomb lattices.

  • Researchers study effects of cellular...
    on July 6, 2020 at 5:25 PM

    As many diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, have been linked to the defective functioning of motor proteins in cell transport systems, understanding the intricacies of how motor proteins work in their native crowded cell environments is essential to understanding […]

  • A 'breath of nothing' provides a new...
    on July 6, 2020 at 3:11 PM

    Zero electrical resistance at room temperature? A material with this property, i.e. a room temperature superconductor, could revolutionize power distribution. But so far, the origin of superconductivity at high temperature is only incompletely understood. Scientists from Universität Hamburg […]

  • Flashes bright when squeezed tight: How...
    on July 6, 2020 at 7:34 AM

    Research explains how a unicellular marine organism generates light as a response to mechanical stimulation, lighting up breaking waves at night.

  • New breakthrough in 'spintronics' could...
    on July 3, 2020 at 12:49 PM

    Scientists have made a pivotal breakthrough in the important, emerging field of spintronics—which could lead to a new high speed energy efficient data technology.

  • New breakthrough in 'spintronics' could...
    on July 3, 2020 at 12:49 PM

    Scientists have made a pivotal breakthrough in the important, emerging field of spintronics—which could lead to a new high speed energy efficient data technology.

  • Thermophones offer new route to...
    on July 2, 2020 at 1:48 PM

    Scientists have pioneered a new technique to produce arrays of sound produced entirely by heat.

  • A three-dimensional phase diagram of...
    on July 2, 2020 at 1:40 PM

    URu2Si2 is a metal that belongs to the family of heavy-fermion compounds in which several quantum phases (e.g., magnetism and superconductivity) can compete or coexist. These metals exhibit small energy scales that are easy to tune, a characteristic that makes them ideal for testing new physical […]

  • Researchers observe branched flow of...
    on July 2, 2020 at 12:55 PM

    A team of researchers from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology has observed branched flow of light for the very first time. The findings are published in Nature and are featured on the cover of the July 2, 2020 issue.

  • Tabletop quantum experiment could...
    on July 1, 2020 at 3:05 PM

    Predicted by Einstein's general theory of relativity, gravitational waves are ripples in space-time generated by certain movements of massive objects. They are important to study because they allow us to detect events in the universe that would otherwise leave little or no observable light, like […]

  • Quantum fluctuations can jiggle objects...
    on July 1, 2020 at 3:00 PM

    The universe, as seen through the lens of quantum mechanics, is a noisy, crackling space where particles blink constantly in and out of existence, creating a background of quantum noise whose effects are normally far too subtle to detect in everyday objects.

  • Investigating the interplay between...
    on July 1, 2020 at 1:30 PM

    Axions and dark photons are two of the most promising types of particles for unveiling new physics. The axion scalar field explains the absence of an electric dipole moment for the neutron, while the dark photon resembles regular photons responsible for electromagnetism, but it is massive and much […]

  • Exotic never before seen particle...
    on July 1, 2020 at 10:08 AM

    The Large Hadron Collider Beauty (LHCb) project has observed an exotic particle made up of four charm quarks for the first time.

  • Face mask construction, materials...
    on June 30, 2020 at 3:00 PM

    Currently, there are no specific guidelines on the most effective materials and designs for facemasks to minimize the spread of droplets from coughs or sneezes to mitigate the transmission of COVID-19. While there have been prior studies on how medical-grade masks perform, data on cloth-based […]

  • Respiratory droplet motion, evaporation...
    on June 30, 2020 at 3:00 PM

    It is well established that the SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for the COVID-19 disease is transmitted via respiratory droplets that infected people eject when they cough, sneeze or talk. Consequently, much research targets better understanding droplet motion and evaporation to understand […]

  • Quantum fridge works by superposing the...
    on June 30, 2020 at 1:30 PM

    Ever tried defrosting your dinner by popping it in one identical freezer after another? Strange as it sounds, recent studies of indefinite causal order—in which different orders of events are quantum superposed—suggest this could actually work for quantum systems. Researchers at the […]

  • Researchers control elusive spin...
    on June 29, 2020 at 3:59 PM

    Like Bigfoot and the Loch Ness monster, critical spin fluctuations in a magnetic system haven't been captured on film. Unlike the fabled creatures, these fluctuations—which are highly correlated electron spin patterns—do actually exist, but they are too random and turbulent to be seen […]

  • New 3-D model shows how the paradise...
    on June 29, 2020 at 3:00 PM

    When the paradise tree snake flies from one tall branch to another, its body ripples with waves like green cursive on a blank pad of blue sky. That movement, aerial undulation, happens in each glide made by members of the Chrysopelea family, the only known limbless vertebrates capable of flight. […]

  • Light nucleus predicted to be stable...
    on June 26, 2020 at 4:34 PM

    Adding an exotic particle known as a Xi hyperon to a helium nucleus with three nucleons could produce a nucleus that is temporarily stable, calculations by RIKEN nuclear physicists have predicted. This result will help experimentalists search for the nucleus and provide insights into both nuclear […]

  • Case for axion origin of dark matter...
    on June 26, 2020 at 4:34 PM

    In a new study of axion motion, researchers propose a scenario known as "kinetic misalignment" that greatly strengthens the case for axion/dark matter equivalence. The novel concept answers key questions related to the origins of dark matter and provides new avenues for ongoing detection efforts. […]

  • Theorists calculate upper limit for...
    on June 26, 2020 at 2:20 PM

    A trio of theoretical physicists at the Pennsylvania State University has calculated the upper limit for the possible quantization of time—they suggest 10−33 seconds as the upper limit for the period of a universal oscillator. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review […]

  • Theorists calculate upper limit for...
    on June 26, 2020 at 2:20 PM

    A trio of theoretical physicists at the Pennsylvania State University has calculated the upper limit for the possible quantization of time—they suggest 10−33 seconds as the upper limit for the period of a universal oscillator. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review […]

  • A new material for light-matter...
    on June 26, 2020 at 1:38 PM

    Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne scientists have coupled a new material with light at the level of a single photon. The achievement opens up prospects for better controlling and understanding the properties of quantum-correlated systems, where theoretical calculations are difficult.

  • Measure squeezing in a novel way
    on June 25, 2020 at 4:37 PM

    'Squeezing' is used in physics, among other things, to improve the resolution of measuring instruments. It allows disturbing noise to be suppressed in a way that smaller signals can be detected more sensitively. The team led by physicist Professor Eva Weig at the University of Konstanz has now been […]

  • Black hole collision may have exploded...
    on June 25, 2020 at 2:00 PM

    When two black holes spiral around each other and ultimately collide, they send out ripples in space and time called gravitational waves. Because black holes do not give off light, these events are not expected to shine with any light waves, or electromagnetic radiation. Graduate Center, CUNY […]

  • Quantum entanglement demonstrated...
    on June 25, 2020 at 2:00 PM

    In a critical step toward creating a global quantum communications network, researchers have generated and detected quantum entanglement onboard a CubeSat nanosatellite weighing less than 2.6 kilograms and orbiting the Earth.

  • CNO fusion neutrinos from the sun...
    on June 25, 2020 at 1:50 PM

    A team of researchers working on the Borexino project has announced that they have observed carbon/nitrogen/oxygen (CNO) fusion neutrinos from the sun for the first time. Co-spokesman for the group, Gioacchino Ranucci, a physicist at the University of Milan, announced the observation at this year's […]

  • Crews create a blast to take the Deep...
    on June 25, 2020 at 12:52 PM

    It started with a blast.

  • New model helps to describe defects and...
    on June 24, 2020 at 5:29 PM

    A summer internship in Bilbao, Spain, has led to a paper in the journal Physical Review Letters for Jack Mayo, a Master's student at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. He has helped to create a universal model that can predict the number distribution of topological defects in […]

  • Order out of disorder in ice
    on June 24, 2020 at 3:57 PM

    The glass structure of a material is often believed to mimic its corresponding liquid. Polyamorphism between ices has been used as a guide to elucidate the properties of liquid water. But how many forms of amorphous ices are there? Do we understand how metastable high-pressure crystalline ice […]

  • Introducing a new isotope:...
    on June 23, 2020 at 8:36 PM

    A team of scientists working at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has discovered a new form of the human-made element mendelevium. The newly created isotope, mendelevium-244, is the 17th and lightest form of mendelevium, which is element 101 on the periodic table.

  • ATLAS experiment finds evidence of...
    on June 23, 2020 at 4:20 PM

    The ATLAS Collaboration at CERN has announced strong evidence of the production of four top quarks. This rare Standard Model process is expected to occur only once for every 70 thousand pairs of top quarks created at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and has proven extremely difficult to measure.

  • Fifty perfect photons for 'quantum...
    on June 23, 2020 at 1:32 PM

    Fifty is a critical number for quantum computers capable of solving problems that classic supercomputers cannot solve. Proving quantum supremacy requires at least 50 qubits. For quantum computers working with light, it is equally necessary to have at least 50 photons. And what's more, these photons […]

  • Quantum physics provides a way to hide...
    on June 23, 2020 at 12:47 PM

    Students can hide their ignorance and answer questions correctly in an exam without their lack of knowledge being detected by teachers—but only in the quantum world.

  • A Metal-like quantum gas: A...
    on June 22, 2020 at 4:59 PM

    Electronic properties of condensed matter are often determined by an intricate competition between kinetic energy that aims to overlap and delocalize electronic wave functions across the crystal lattice, and localizing electron-electron interactions. In contrast, the gaseous phase is characterized […]

  • Experimentally identifying effective...
    on June 22, 2020 at 4:28 PM

    One goal of science is to find physical descriptions of nature by studying how basic system components interact with one another. For complex many-body systems, effective theories are frequently used to this end. They allow describing the interactions without having to observe a system on the […]

  • A fresh twist in chiral topology
    on June 22, 2020 at 2:38 PM

    The concept of chirality is well-established in science: when an object cannot be superimposed on its mirror image, both the object and its mirror image are called chiral. In the drug industry, for instance, more than 50% of the pharmaceutically active molecules used nowadays are chiral molecules. […]

  • World's fastest Bose-Einstein...
    on June 22, 2020 at 2:24 PM

    Researchers have created a Bose-Einstein condensate with record speed, creating the fascinating phase of matter in about 100 femtoseconds. To get an idea of how quick that is, hundred femtoseconds compared to one second is proportionally the same as a day compared to the age of the universe. The […]

  • Honeywell claims to have built the...
    on June 22, 2020 at 2:08 PM

    Multinational conglomerate Honeywell International Inc. is claiming to have built the highest-performing quantum computer available today. It made the announcement in a blogpost on its website. The company further claims that its H0 quantum computer has a quantum volume score of 64—making it […]

  • Is teleportation possible? Yes, in the...
    on June 19, 2020 at 4:01 PM

    "Beam me up" is one of the most famous catchphrases from the Star Trek series. It is the command issued when a character wishes to teleport from a remote location back to the Starship Enterprise.